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Laravel on Raspberry Pi 4

Why Laravel?

Why you should install Laravel on the Raspberry Pi 4? There are several reasons for this. With Laravel you can develop professional web applications. The free PHP framework Laravel is very well suited for object-oriented programming according to the MVC architecture. Thus, you achieve a low-maintenance code. If you are a PHP programmer, you will have an easier time than with a Java framework. By adhering to naming conventions, you save programming code. This way you can design a connection to a database with little code. Another point is the separate structure of HTML areas. This way you create a consistent look of your pages.

Why Raspberry Pi 4?

The main argument is the use of a low-cost development environment. The Raspberry Pi 4 scores with:

  • Very low power consumption;
  • Good performance;
  • Resource-saving operating system Raspberry Pi OS;

Furthermore, we recommend a working memory of at least 4 GB. The variant with 8 GB of working memory is even better.

In addition, you can work on the surface of the Raspberry Pi. To do this, use remote access. In Windows 10, you can use Remote Desktop for this. In addition, multiple users can work on the Raspberry in the network. To do this, you first set up the users.

Installing the software components for Laravel on Raspberry Pi 4

Now we will show you how to set up the PHP framework Laravel. For this we use the Raspberry Pi OS operating system. This used to have the name Raspbian.

Step 1: Update package sources, upgrade software

Before installing, you should update the package sources and upgrade the packages.

  • sudo apt-get update
  • sudo apt upgrade

Step 2: Install Apache and PHP

The packages for Apache and PHP serve as the basis for the PHP framework Laravel. Install them now.

  • sudo apt-get install apache2
  • sudo apt-get install php

Step 3: Install MariaDB as database and security settings

First, install the packages for the database. After that, you can go through the security settings. If you confirm the prompts with yes, the MariaDB security standard will be activated.

  • sudo apt-get install mariadb-client
  • sudo apt install mariadb-server
  • sudo mysql_secure_installation

Step 4: Set user access to database

In this step you define the user for the database. You also set read and write permissions for all tables. Instead of the user “pi” we recommend another user name. Use a secure password of your own instead of YOURPASSWORD. With the command “sudo mysql” you get into the console of MariaDB.

  • sudo mysql
  • CREATE USER 'pi'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'YOURPASSWORD';
  • GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *. * TO 'pi'@'localhost';

Step 5: Install database software “phpmyadmin

Finally, install the software “phpmyadmin”. Although there are still a few adjustments to avoid error messages in the program. However, this does not matter for the time being, as we only use the program to keep track of created tables and data.

  • sudo apt install phpmyadmin

Step 6: Download, install and update Composer

Composer is a package manager for PHP applications. First, download the Composer Installer. After that, install Composer. Finally, check the version. Then remove the installation file. In the last step, you request the update of Composer.

  • wget -O composer-setup.php https://getcomposer.org/installer
  • sudo php composer-setup.php --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer
  • composer --version
  • sudo rm -rf composer-setup.php
  • sudo composer self-update

Step 7: Add missing packages

After installing Composer, add necessary packages. These are among others phpunit and php-xml.

  • sudo apt-get install phpunit
  • sudo apt install php-xml

Step 8: Create a project with Laravel on Raspberry Pi 4

Now create your first Laravel project. To do this, use Composer. Use the cd command to change to the project folder.

  • composer create-project laravel/laravel YOURPROJECTNAME
  • cd YOURPROJECTNAME

Step 9: Test the executability of your PHP framework Laravel

After that, test if Laravel works on Raspberry Pi 4. You should be in the console and in the project folder.

  • php artisan serve

Open a browser on the Raspberry Pi OS interface. Then call the address “localhost:8000”. Here appears the demo page of Laravel. If you see this, you have successfully installed the Laravel framework. You can also install Visual Studio Code, Bootstrap and “Vue.js”. You can see how you do that now.

Install great additional packages

In the next section we will show you how to install useful additional packages.

  • Visual Studio Code
  • Bootstrap
  • Vue.js

Step 10: Install Visual Studio Code

To edit source code and folders we use Visual Studio Code. You can install it as follows.

  • sudo apt install code

Why include Bootstrap?

Bootstrap is a free frontend CSS framework. This can be very well integrated into the PHP framework Laravel. It contains design templates which are based on HTML and CSS. For example, for:

We are testing the use of Boostrap to give our software product a nice look in the end. After all, the wheel doesn’t always have to be reinvented.

Step 11: Install Laravel/ui and Bootstrap

After that we install the Laravel User Interface and Bootstrap. We also use Bootstrap for the login mask. That’s why we append –auth to the command.

  • composer require laravel/ui
  • php artisan ui bootstrap --auth

Why include the “Vue.js” framework?

We tell you why you should integrate the popular Javascript web framework “Vue.js”. On the one hand, this framework can be classified as progressive and performant. In addition, the use of a Javascript framework simplifies the maintenance and testing of functions. Experience shows that getting started with the framework is easier than with Angular or React. Through our research, we found that it can be set up on our test environment as well. Furthermore, the use of the PHP framework Laravel is supported.

  • Forms
  • Typography
  • Buttons
  • Tables
  • Grid systems

Step 12: Install Node.js and vue.js

Then we download the appropriate “Node.js” version. In our case it’s version 14, then you install packages and dependencies to “Node.js”.

  • curl -sL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_14.x | sudo -E bash -
  • sudo apt-get install -y nodejs
  • npm install && npm run dev
  • npm run dev
  • php artisan ui vue
  • npm install && npm run dev
  • npm run dev

We did it!

You have managed to prepare your framework. You could also install add-on packages. With it you can tackle your programming tasks with Laravel, the framework “Vue.js” and Bootstrap. You can use for example the Quelleditor Visual Studio Code.

Before you do anything on the Raspberry Pi OS you will find below the installation of the operating system.

You will also find links to the documentation of the frameworks below.

Useful video tutorials in learning Laravel, vue.js and Bootstrap:

In this video, you’ll build a program for managing employees. You use all installed programs

In the following tutorial you will go step by step through programming with the Laravel Framework.

In this video Laravel 6 is explained in English. We really liked this video!

 

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