Development from Raspbian to Raspberry Pi OS
The Raspbian operating system has been around since about 2012. It is especially suitable for the computer models of the Raspberry Pi family. The whole operating system is based on a so-called Linux kernel under the distribution Debian. It’s worth noting that you can use both Debian and Raspbian for free. In addition, the source code is open to the general public. So there are many new adjustments and updates on a regular basis. Over time, not only have many features been added, but we now officially refer to the operating system as the Raspberry Pi OS. The operating system runs on different computers. But intended for the Raspberry Pi series: raspberry pi zero, raspberry pi 3, and raspberry i 4. Since 2015, the Raspberry Pi Foundation has officially supported it as the primary operating system for the Raspberry Pi family of computers.
Install operating system
First, use the Raspberry Pi imager to copy the current version of the operating system to a microSD card. You can also see how to do that in this post.
Why is the Raspberry Pi OS so popular?
There are several reasons why the Raspberry Pi OS is so popular:
- Firstly, the Raspberry Pi OS has an intuitive operation. It is similar to commercial operating systems such as Microsoft Windows or macOS.
- Second, there are many available programs. For example, you install them via the user interface.
- Third, the operating system is optimized for Raspberry Pi computers. At the same time, it has a slim design. As a result, it conserves the resources of the system.
Basic structure of the Raspberry Pi OS interface
So get to the surface! Furthermore, have you already rebooted the Raspberry Pi? Then we’ll show you what you can do on the home page.
Functions on the taskbar
- First you will find the main menu. To open it, click on it with the mouse pointer. Now you can search for programs. But also attitudes. For example, the display settings. Or the configuration of your computer. You can also add new programs. Last but not least, you can shut down the computer at the very bottom.
- Once you open a program on the Raspberry Pi OS, you will see a new button on the taskbar. With this you can see which programs are open. Or you can use it to fold programs. Conversely, unfold programs.
- 3. sometimes the taskbar contains the main menu, open programs but also information like the time / internet connection / Bluetooth connection / speaker setting.
View, minimize and maximize programs
- 4. fener you see the open program with the title bar.
- Use the arrow to minimize the program. Now you can focus on other things. Later you can show it again with the button.
- Maximize the program with this arrow.
- 7. close window? You can do that on this button. This closes the application.
- 8. at this point, you can establish the Bluetooth connection with a device. For example, with a Bluetooth speaker.
- 9. you should already have this internet connection on the Raspberry Pi OS. If not, you can post them here. Either select a wireless WLAN network. Then enter the corresponding password. Or you already have a LAN connection. There are no further settings for this.
Caution! When closing (see point 7), make sure to save the program before closing. For example, with writing programs or calculations. By the way, if you have a web browser, you can create bookmarks so that you can quickly find the website again.
Basic structure of the file manager
The file manager in Raspberry Pi OS is built up of several display elements and menus. First, start it with the folder icon on the taskbar.
Next, let’s take a look at what the file manager displays.
File Manager in detail (1 to 4)
- Here you can see the name of the opened folder in the title bar.
- 2. perform various operations in the menu bar. For example, open new windows, create new files, change views, or search for files.
- 3. further, pin folders in the bookmarks area for quick access.
- 4. this area is the explorer. With this you can click through the folders and finally get to the required file or path. Structures can be opened and closed.
File Manager in detail (5 to 8)
- The Raspberry Pi OS will show you the files in the open path. You can also add new files or folders.
- 6. furthermore you will find the complete path of the folder.
- 7. finally, you will see the number of files in the opened path.
- 8. furthermore you can see how much memory is still available.
Tip: Create bookmarks for a folder by clicking the “Add to bookmarks” item.
Learn more about the Raspberry Pi OS operating system
The non-profit company ABIOLA creates courses for people all over the world. Topics about photovoltaics, the Raspberry Pi as a cheap mini PC as well as programs on operating systems are described. Furthermore, the courses explain the principle of the ABIOLA Online Academy. Please also have a look at the project page https://abiola.eu/! Here you can learn more about great aid projects.